Solar-powered toilet

Solar-powered toilet
Michael Hoffman,California Institute of Technology (Caltech)

Caltech‘s solar-powered toilet won the Reinventing the Toilet Challenge issued by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. According to the World Health Organization, 2.5 billion people around the globe are without access to sanitary toilets, which results in the spread of deadly diseases. Every year, 1.5 million people—mostly those under the age of five, die from diarrhea. Caltech engineer Michael Hoffmann and his colleagues were awarded $100,000 for their design, which they demonstrated at the Reinvent the Toilet Fair, a two-day event held August 14–15 in Seattle.

Hoffmans proposal was to build a toilet that uses the sun to power an electrochemical reactor. The reactor breaks down water and human waste into fertilizer and hydrogen, which can be stored in hydrogen fuel cells as energy. The treated water can then be reused to flush the toilet or for irrigation.

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