Building Integrated Photovoltaics

Building Integrated Photovoltaic or BIPV systems are practical and aesthetically pleasing techniques of implementing solar power. Building integrated meaning permanently attached to the building and photovoltaic meaning light energy. BIPV’s can be installed in many different applications and make use of various types of solar cells. Some types include; amorphous silicon, micromorphous silicon cell, cadmium telluride, copper indium gallium diselenide, dye sensitized solar cells, organic solar cells, and crystalline silicon on glass. These types can be installed on; windows, roof shingles, as roofing laminates, facades, and railings. The laminate is manufactured as a thin flexible film that can be adhered to many roofing surfaces. On a day to day basis, solar laminate produces more electricity than alternative crystalline solar technology. The most common thin film is made of an amorphous silicon material on top of a five mil stainless steel substrate. Commonly, BIPV’s are adhered to metal roofing. In order to guarantee an effective installation, BIPV’s are attached to the metal roofing modular in the factory rather than the site. This system does not require any roof penetrations or structural support allowing a secure and water tight roof system that can be walked on and accessed for maintenance. Each of the cells are interconnected with wires that are clipped together that can be quickly connected.

Original sources:
Atas International, Energy Efficient Building Envelop Technology.“ AIA/CES/ GBCI Presentation. Atas International.
Florida, Orlando. 16 Aug 2013. Lecture. (Date 08/23/2013)