Driverless Cars

A driverless or self-driving car is an autonomous vehicle capable of fulfi lling the human transportation capabilities of a traditional car. As an autonomous vehicle, it is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input. While self-driving cars nowadays only exist as mere concepts, they might become reality within the next 10 years. The main advantages of autonomous vehicles are their ability to lower the likelihood associated in distracted or impaired driving and improve gas effi ciency by stopping the unnecessary stop-starting of vehicles. Furthermore, driverless-cars might decrease the number of traffi c jams by guiding their passenger automatically along a less frequented route. The effects on the city and the infrastructures of tomorrow are profound. Especially since the current infrastructure has reached its limits new mobility concepts are needed in order to be able to continue growing in the future and meet the population’s increased demands for quality of life. This aim will not only be reached by the new form of cars – driverless vehicles that are safer and more effi cient than conventional automobiles- but also by the way we will use them in the future: Cars will be shared and not owned so that their degree of utilization will be optimized. This requires a number of new architectures within the cities for people to wait and mount their cars, to store the cars close-by and to charge and maintain them when needed.